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Disease Profile

Acroosteolysis-keloid-like lesions-premature aging syndrome

Prevalence
Prevalence estimates on Rare Medical Network websites are calculated based on data available from numerous sources, including US and European government statistics, the NIH, Orphanet, and published epidemiologic studies. Rare disease population data is recognized to be highly variable, and based on a wide variety of source data and methodologies, so the prevalence data on this site should be assumed to be estimated and cannot be considered to be absolutely correct.
<1 / 1 000 000

< 331

US Estimated

< 514

Europe Estimated

Age of onset

Infancy

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ICD-10

E34.8

Inheritance

Autosomal dominant A pathogenic variant in only one gene copy in each cell is sufficient to cause an autosomal dominant disease

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Autosomal recessive Pathogenic variants in both copies of each gene of the chromosome are needed to cause an autosomal recessive disease and observe the mutant phenotype

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X-linked
dominant X-linked dominant inheritance, sometimes referred to as X-linked dominance, is a mode of genetic inheritance by which a dominant gene is carried on the X chromosome.

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X-linked
recessive Pathogenic variants in both copies of a gene on the X chromosome cause an X-linked recessive disorder

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Mitochondrial or multigenic Mitochondrial genetic disorders can be caused by changes (mutations) in either the mitochondrial DNA or nuclear DNA that lead to dysfunction of the mitochondria and inadequate production of energy.

Multigenic or multifactor Inheritance involving many factors, of which at least one is genetic but none is of overwhelming importance, as in the causation of a disease by multiple genetic and environmental factors.

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Not applicable

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Other names (AKA)

Prematurely aged appearance, delayed bone maturation, acro-osteolysis, and brachydactyly; Premature aging syndrome Penttinen type; Premature aging syndrome, Penttinen type;

Summary

The following summary is from Orphanet, a European reference portal for information on rare diseases and orphan drugs.
orphanet

Orpha Number: 363665

Definition
A rare, genetic, progeroid syndrome disorder characterized by a prematurely aged appearance (including lipoatrophy, thin, translucent skin, sparse, thin hair, and skeletal muscle atrophy), delayed tooth eruption, keloid-like lesions on pressure regions, and skeletal abnormalities including marked acroosteolysis, brachydactyly with small hands and feet, kyphoscoliosis, osteopenia, and progressive joint contractures in the fingers and toes. Craniofacial features include a thin calvarium, delayed closure of the anterior fontanel, flat occiput, shallow orbits, malar hypoplasia and narrow nose.

Visit the Orphanet disease page for more resources.

Symptoms

This table lists symptoms that people with this disease may have. For most diseases, symptoms will vary from person to person. People with the same disease may not have all the symptoms listed. This information comes from a database called the Human Phenotype Ontology (HPO) . The HPO collects information on symptoms that have been described in medical resources. The HPO is updated regularly. Use the HPO ID to access more in-depth information about a symptom.

Medical Terms Other Names
Learn More:
HPO ID
5%-29% of people have these symptoms
Scoliosis
0002650
Wormian bones
Extra bones within cranial sutures
0002645
Percent of people who have these symptoms is not available through HPO
Abnormality of the skin
0000951
Autosomal dominant inheritance
0000006
Brachydactyly
Short fingers or toes
0001156
Delayed cranial suture closure
0000270
Delayed eruption of teeth
Delayed eruption
Delayed teeth eruption
Delayed tooth eruption
Eruption, delayed
Late eruption of teeth
Late tooth eruption

[ more ]

0000684
Delayed skeletal maturation
Delayed bone maturation
Delayed skeletal development

[ more ]

0002750
Growth abnormality
Abnormal growth
Growth issue

[ more ]

0001507
Hyperkeratosis
0000962
Hypermetropia
Farsightedness
Long-sightedness

[ more ]

0000540
Hypoplasia of the maxilla
Decreased size of maxilla
Decreased size of upper jaw
Maxillary deficiency
Maxillary retrusion
Small maxilla
Small upper jaw
Small upper jaw bones
Upper jaw deficiency
Upper jaw retrusion

[ more ]

0000327
Increased thyroid-stimulating hormone level
0002925
Lipoatrophy
Loss of fat tissue in localized area
0100578
Micrognathia
Little lower jaw
Small jaw
Small lower jaw

[ more ]

0000347
Midface retrusion
Decreased size of midface
Midface deficiency
Underdevelopment of midface

[ more ]

0011800
Narrow nose
Decreased nasal breadth
Decreased nasal width
Thin nose

[ more ]

0000460
Osteolytic defects of the phalanges of the hand
Breakdown of small bones of fingers
0009771
Osteopenia
0000938
Prominent nasal bridge
Elevated nasal bridge
High nasal bridge
Prominent bridge of nose
Prominent nasal root
Protruding bridge of nose
Protruding nasal bridge

[ more ]

0000426
Proptosis
Bulging eye
Eyeballs bulging out
Prominent eyes
Prominent globes
Protruding eyes

[ more ]

0000520
Sensorineural hearing impairment
0000407
Slender long bone
Long bones slender
Thin long bones

[ more ]

0003100
Sparse hair
0008070
Thin calvarium
Thin cranial bone
0010539
Thin vermilion border
Decreased volume of lip
Thin lips

[ more ]

0000233

Learn more

These resources provide more information about this condition or associated symptoms. The in-depth resources contain medical and scientific language that may be hard to understand. You may want to review these resources with a medical professional.

In-Depth Information

  • The Monarch Initiative brings together data about this condition from humans and other species to help physicians and biomedical researchers. Monarch’s tools are designed to make it easier to compare the signs and symptoms (phenotypes) of different diseases and discover common features. This initiative is a collaboration between several academic institutions across the world and is funded by the National Institutes of Health. Visit the website to explore the biology of this condition.
  • Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) is a catalog of human genes and genetic disorders. Each entry has a summary of related medical articles. It is meant for health care professionals and researchers. OMIM is maintained by Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. 
  • Orphanet is a European reference portal for information on rare diseases and orphan drugs. Access to this database is free of charge.
  • PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Acroosteolysis-keloid-like lesions-premature aging syndrome. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.